Formation of localized structures in bistable systems through nonlocal spatial coupling. I. General framework

by Colet, P., Matías, M. A., Gelens, L. and Gomila, D.
Abstract:
The present work studies the influence of nonlocal spatial coupling on the existence of localized structures in one-dimensional extended systems. We consider systems described by a real field with a nonlocal coupling that has a linear dependence on the field. Leveraging spatial dynamics we provide a general framework to understand the effect of the nonlocality on the shape of the fronts connecting two stable states. In particular we show that nonlocal terms can induce spatial oscillations in the front tails, allowing for the creation of localized structures, that emerge from pinning between two fronts. In parameter space the region where fronts are oscillatory is limited by three transitions: the modulational instability of the homogeneous state, the Belyakov-Devaney transition in which monotonic fronts acquire spatial oscillations with infinite wavelength, and a crossover in which monotonically decaying fronts develop spatial oscillations with a finite wavelength. We show how these transitions are organized by codimension 2 and 3 points and illustrate how by changing the parameters of the nonlocal coupling it is possible to bring the system into the region where localized structures can be formed.
Reference:
Formation of localized structures in bistable systems through nonlocal spatial coupling. I. General framework Colet, P., Matías, M. A., Gelens, L. and Gomila, D., Physical Review E, volume 89, pp. 012914, 2014.
Bibtex Entry:
@article{colet_formation_2014,
	title = {Formation of localized structures in bistable systems through nonlocal spatial coupling. {I}. {General} framework},
	volume = {89},
	url = {http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevE.89.012914},
	doi = {10.1103/PhysRevE.89.012914},
	abstract = {The present work studies the influence of nonlocal spatial coupling on the existence of localized structures in one-dimensional extended systems. We consider systems described by a real field with a nonlocal coupling that has a linear dependence on the field. Leveraging spatial dynamics we provide a general framework to understand the effect of the nonlocality on the shape of the fronts connecting two stable states. In particular we show that nonlocal terms can induce spatial oscillations in the front tails, allowing for the creation of localized structures, that emerge from pinning between two fronts. In parameter space the region where fronts are oscillatory is limited by three transitions: the modulational instability of the homogeneous state, the Belyakov-Devaney transition in which monotonic fronts acquire spatial oscillations with infinite wavelength, and a crossover in which monotonically decaying fronts develop spatial oscillations with a finite wavelength. We show how these transitions are organized by codimension 2 and 3 points and illustrate how by changing the parameters of the nonlocal coupling it is possible to bring the system into the region where localized structures can be formed.},
	number = {1},
	urldate = {2016-11-07},
	journal = {Physical Review E},
	author = {Colet, P. and Matías, M. A. and Gelens, L. and Gomila, D.},
	month = jan,
	year = {2014},
	pages = {012914},
	file = {APS Snapshot:/home/jan/.zotero/zotero/djuw86a6.default/zotero/storage/FNDAP9UW/PhysRevE.89.html:text/html}
}